BS 14588:2010 pdf download – Solid biofuels — Terminology, definitions and descriptions
This European Standard defines terms concerned in all standardisation work within the scope of CEN/TC 335.
According to CEN/TC 335 this European Standard is applicable to solid biofuels originating from the following sources:
products from agriculture and forestry;
vegetable waste from agriculture and forestry;
vegetable waste from the food processing industry;
wood waste, with the exception of wood waste which may contain halogenated organic compounds or heavy metals as a result of treatment with wood preservatives or coating, and which includes in particular such wood waste from construction- and demolition waste;
cork waste;
fibrous vegetable waste from virgin pulp production and from production of paper from pulp, if it is coincinerated at the place of production and heat generated is recovered.
The embedding of the scope within the biomass/biofuel field is given in Figure 1.
NOTE 1 CEN/TC 335 considers that wood waste, including wood waste originating from construction and demolition waste are included in the scope of CEN/TC 335 and of the scope of the mandate M/298 “solid biofuels”, unless they contain halogenated organic compounds or heavy metals as a result of treatment with wood preservatives or coatings [8].
NOTE 2 There are more terms included within this European Standard as covered by the mandate due to clarification and differentiation.
NOTE 3 Changes of ownership of the fibrous vegetable waste between paper and pulp company and the operator of the coincineration plant in which the waste is used does not affect the inclusion of the waste in the scope of mandate M/298. Other standards with a different scope than this European Standard can have different definitions than this standard.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Not applicable. 3 Principle Solid biofuels are produced from different sources, which are defined within the scope of CEN TC 335 “Solid biofuels”. Terms and definitions are categorised in a logical structure based on the fact that solid biofuels are produced from different sources and that the purpose of solid biofuels is the conversion into bioenergy:
the sources of solid biofuels cover the initial location of the input material (biomass) in the economic and environmental cycles (like forest wood, energy forest trees, logging residues, landscape management residues, etc.);
the description of the solid biofuels itself as well as their handling, which covers the source and origin of the biofuel given in the same structure as the biomass sources (e.g. wood fuels, forest fuels), the different forms of biofuels produced within the preparation process (i.e. chipped biofuels, bundled biofuels), the most relevant biofuel properties (e.g. total moisture, total ash), and terms of sampling and testing as well as classification and specification;
bioenergy as the result of biofuel conversion.
Appropriate terms for sampling and testing as well as classification and specification of properties have to be defined and described together with the category source/origin, forms and properties of solid biofuels. The structure of this European Standard (Table 1) is based on the classification system of solid biofuels given in [9], in which the classification of solid biofuels is specified more detailed.
4 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. NOTE Many terms defined within this document are also used in the standardisation work of CEN/TC 343, especially in prEN 15357, Solid recovered fuels
― Terminology, definitions and descriptions. Therefore, an informative list of terms defined by prEN 15357 is given in Annex B.
4.1 additive material which improves quality of fuel (e.g. combustion properties), reduces emissions or make production more efficient