BS 71-1:2001 pdf download – Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
4.3 Flexible plastic sheeting (see C.4)
Toys with flexible plastic sheeting shall conform to the following requirements.
a) Sheets without any backing and of an area greater than 100 mm × 100 mm when tested accordingto 8.26.1(plastic sheeting, thickness) shall have an average thickness of 0,038 mm or more.
b)Sheets with an average thickness of less than 0,038 mm and of an area greater than
100 mm × 100 mm shall be perforated with defined holes so that a minimum of 1 % of the area has beenremoved over any area of 30 mm x 30 mm.
c) For plastic balloons the requirements in item a) apply to double layers of plastic sheeting (i.e.thethickness is measured without inflating or destroying the balloon).
4.4 Toy bags
Toy bags with an opening perimeter greater than 380 mm having a drawstring as a means of closure shalleither:
a) be made of material permeable to air; or
b) comply with the requirements given in 4.14.2a).4.5 Glass (see 5.8 and C.5)
Accessible glass may be used in the construction of toys for children over 36 months where:
a) its use is necessary to the function of the toy (e.g. optical toys, glass light bulbs, glass in experimentalsets);
b) it is textile glass used for reinforcement;
c) it is in the form of solid glass marbles or solid glass eyes for dolls.4.6 Expanding materials (see C.6)
The requirement in 4.6 does not apply to seeds in growing kits.
Toys and components of toys made of expanding materials, which fit entirely in the cylinder specified in 8.2,shall not expand more than 50 % in any dimension when tested according to 8.14 (expanding materials).4.7 Edges (see C.7)
Accessible edges shall not present an unreasonable risk of injury.
a) Edges of metal or glass on toys are considered as potentially hazardous sharp edges if they are sharpas determined according to 8.11(sharpness of edges).If the edges fail the test, they shall then be assessedto determine whether they present an unreasonable risk of injury taking into account the foreseeable useof the toy.Regardless of the manner in which the edges are finished, they are subject to being testedaccording to 8.11.
NOTE Edges may be folded, rolled or spiralled in order to make them inaccessible or protected by a coating of plastic or othersimilar material.
b)In overlap joints, when the clearance between the sheet metal having a thickness of 0,5 mm maximumand the underlying surface is greater than 0,7 mm, the edge of the sheet metal shall conform to item a).e)Edges of metal (including fastenings, e.g.screw heads) and of rigid polymeric material shall be freefrom burr capable of causing wound or abrasion.
Flashings on pliable polymeric materials (e.g. polyolefins) are not considered as burr.
d) Where it is essential for the functioning of the toy (cover slips), sharp edges may be used in toysintended for children over 36 months.
The potential danger presented by sharp edges shall be drawn to the attention of the user (see 7.7).
4.8 Points and wires (see C.8) Wires and accessible points shall not present an unreasonable risk of injury.
a) Points on toys are considered as potentially hazardous sharp points if they are sharp as determined according to 8.12 (sharpness of points). If the points fail the test, they shall then be assessed to determine whether they present an unreasonable risk of injury taking into account the foreseeable use of the toy (see also 5.1). Points of pencils and similar writing and drawing implements are not considered as sharp points.
b) Where it is essential for the functioning of the toy, sharp points may be used in toys intended for children over 36 months. The potential danger presented by sharp points shall be drawn to the attention of the user (see 7.7). Points of pieces intended to serve as electrical conductors are considered to be functional points and do not require a warning.
c) Toys which contain wires, likely to be bent, and wires used for stiffening or retention of form (e.g. in soft filled toys) shall not break and produce sharp points or protrude through the surface covering of the toy when tested according to 8.13 (flexibility of wires).