BS EN 71-5:2013 pdf download – Safety of toys Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets
1 Scope
This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used inchemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets.These substances and mixtures are:
those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances and dangerousmixtures[5];
substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using themand which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and
-any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.
NOTE The terms “substance” and “mixture” are defined in the REACH regulation No.(EC)1907/2006 and in the CLPregulation (EC)No.1272/2008.
Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents list, instructions for useand first aid information.
This Part of EN 71 applies to:
-plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
– ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets;-oven-hardening plasticised PvC modelling clay sets;
– plastic moulding sets;
– embedding sets;
adhesives,paints,lacquers,varnishes,thinners and cleaning agents (solvents),supplied orrecommended in model sets.
2Normative references
The following documents,in whole or in part,are normatively referenced in this document and areindispensable for its application.For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
EN ISO 3104,Petroleum products —Transparent and opaque liquids —Determination of kinematic viscosityand calculation of dynamic viscosity (lsO3104)
EN ISO 3219, Plastics — Polymers/resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions —Determinationof viscosity using a rotational viscometer with defined shear rate (Iso 3219)
EN ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISo 3696)
EN ISO 22854,Liquid petroleum products – Determination of hydrocarbon types and oxygenates inautomotive-motor gasoline — Multidimensional gas chromatography method (1so 22854)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
chemical toy
toy intended for the direct handling of chemical substances and mixtures and which is used in a mannerappropriate to a given age-group and under the supervision of an adult
[SOURCE: EN 71-4:2013,3.1]
experimental set
chemical toy where the experimental and explorative character in playing with single chemical substances andmixtures along strict instructions dominates over the creative ideas of the user
[SOURCE: EN 71-4:2013,3.2]
plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding set
toy containing moulds into which a mixture of water and gypsum is poured and allowed to harden
Note 1 to entry: The gypsum consists predominantly of calcium sulfate hemihydrate CaSO4· 0,5H-O.
Note 2 to entry. Plaster of Panis (gypsum) moulding sets are for example used for preparing figures and plates.
ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop set
toy containing ceramic glazes and vitreous enamels(transparent, opaque or coloured) which after addition ofwater are painted on ceramic and metallic bodies to obtain smooth coatings, after which it is dried and fired attemperatures above 7o0 c
oven-hardening plasticised PvC modelling clay set
toy to be used for creating all kinds of figures,brooches, fashion jewellery etc. prepared by hardening in theoven at temperatures between (100-130)c
plastic moulding set
toy to be used in substitution of ceramic materials to create decorative articles or models by fusion of apolymer by heating in an oven up to a maximum of 180 °c
embedding set
toy to be used to preserve certain products in a transparent material
model set
product used to assemble and coat models which are supplied with or recommend adhesives, paints lacquers,varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents
Note 1 to entry: Examples for these models are motorcars, aeroplanes, houses and ships.
non-metallic substance capable of joining materials by surface bonding (adhesion) and the bond possessingadequate internal strength (cohesion)
water-based paints and lacquers
water based pigmented material which when applied in a liquid form to a surface,forms after a time a dryadherent film or coating