BS EN 71-7:2002 pdf download – Safety of Toys Part 7: Finger paints — Requirements and test methods
4.2 Colourants 4.2.1 The use of colourants listed in annex A is permitted. Annex A consists of colourants falling in one or more of the following categories:
colourants permitted for the use in cosmetics, without limitation in the field of application and which fulfil the requirements given there;
other pigments (listed as substances 1 – 35) which meet the general requirements of 4.1 .
4.2.2 Colourants which are not classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction, very toxic, toxic, harmful, corrosive, irritant or sensitising, may also be used in finger paints. NOTE Directive 67/548/EEC refers.
4.2.3 Finger paints shall not contain azo colourants that by cleavage of one or more azo groups can produce primary amines listed in Tables 3 and 4 when tested in accordance with 5.2.
4.3 Preservatives Finger paints shall be preserved using only the preservatives listed in annex B, when tested in accordance with 5.3. The maximum concentrations specified in the column “maximum allowed concentration” of Table B.1 and the limitations and requirements specified in the column “Limitations and requirements” of Table B.1 shall be observed.
4.4 Limits for the migration of certain elements The migration of elements from finger paints shall not exceed the limits given in Table 1 (after application of the analytical correction given in Table2) when tested in accordance with EN 71-3 (see also 5.4)
4.5 Limits for primary aromatic amines
4.5.1 The single primary aromatic amines listed in Table 3 shall not be determinable when tested in accordance with 5.5.
4.5.2 With the exception of those amines listed in Table 3, finger paints shall not contain primary aromatic amines in a total amount exceeding 20 mg/kg, with no individual primary aromatic amine exceeding 1 0 mg/kg, when tested in accordance with 5.5.
The limitation does not apply to aromatic aminocarboxylic acids or aminosulfonic acids. Table 4 gives examples of other primary aromatic amines of concern.
4.6 Taste and smell Finger paints shall not be sweetened, flavoured or fragranced. An embittering agent in accordance with the following list shall be added in order to minimise the ingestion of paint:
sucrose octaacetate (CAS 1 26-1 4-7);
naringin (CAS 1 0236-47-2);
denatonium benzoate (CAS 3734-33-6).
NOTE The relative bitterness of these substances is approximately 1 :10:3000 (naringin : sucrose octaacetate : denatonium benzoate). The following levels have been found suitable: naringin 1 %; sucrose octaacetate 0,1 %; denatorium benzoate 0,000 4 % (4 mg/kg). For the preparation of an embittering solution, only ethanol shall be used. The concentration of ethanol in the final product shall not exceed 0,5 % when tested in accordance with 5.6.
4.7 pH-value The pH-value of the final product shall be between 4 and 9 when tested in accordance with 5.7.
4.8 Binding agents, extenders, humectants and surfactants Binding agents, extenders, humectants and surfactants that are classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic, toxic to reproduction, very toxic, toxic, harmful, corrosive, irritant or sensitising shall not be used. See annex C for a list of acceptable compounds.
5 Test methods
5.1 General In order to determine whether the requirements in clause 4 are met, the following test methods shall be applied:
5.2 Colourants The detection of azo colourants that by cleavage of one or more azo groups can produce primary aromatic amines listed in Tables 3 and 4 shall be in accordance with the test method described in annex D. 5.3 Preservatives Test methods are in accordance with those used for cosmetic products in the relevant EU Directives, where available.
NOTE Directives 82/434/EEC, 83/51 4/EEC, 85/490/EEC, 90/207/EEC, 93/73/EEC, 95/32/EEC and 96/45/EEC refer.
5.4 Migration of certain elements Test methods shall be in accordance with EN 71 -3:1 994, 8.9. 5.5 Primary aromatic amines The determination of free primary aromatic amines shall be in accordance with the test method described in annex D.
Test method shall be in accordance with prEN 1 3690.
Test method shall be in accordance with EN ISO 787-9.
6 Product information
Markings shall be visible, easily legible, indelible and in the national language(s) of the country of sale.
The container shall bear the manufacturer’s / distributor’s information and warning, as given in 6.2.2.
The other packaging information should also be included on the container.