BS EN 71-8:2011 pdf download – Safety of toys Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use
4 Requirements 1
4.1 General (see A.2)
4.1.1 Assembly
Activity toys shall be assembled using self-locking mechanisms which, to avoid unintentional disassembling due to dynamic forces during use, may include spring washers and/or self-locking nuts.
NOTE Self-taping screws or nails are considered as self-locking devices.
4.1.2 Static strength
Activity toys other than swings and paddling pools, when tested according to 6.3.1 (strength of activity toys other than swings and paddling pools), shall not collapse such that they do not continue to comply with the relevant requirements of EN 71-1.
NOTE Static strength requirements for swings are given in 4.6.2 and for paddling pools in 4.9.1.
4.1.3 Maximum height (see A.3)
When measured from the ground, there shall be no part of the activity toy where the child is able to climb, sit or stand above a height of 2 500 mm.
4.1.4 Corners and edges (see A.4)
Exposed edges shall be rounded.
Corners and exposed edges on moving parts shall have a minimum radius of 3 mm. This requirement does not apply to swing elements with a mass of 1 000 g or less, the corners and edges of which shall be rounded.
4.1.5 Protruding parts
Protruding parts such as bolt ends, threaded bolt ends and other protrusions shall be recessed or be protected in such a way that they do not constitute a hazard to users of the equipment. This requirement is applicable when protrusions are situated on accessible moving parts and in places where the user is running,sliding, climbing, sitting or lying down.
4.1.6 Diameter of ropes and other means of suspension
When measured according to 6.8 (diameter of ropes and other means of suspension), ropes and other means of suspension shall have the following diameters:
4.2Barriers, handrails and ladders and similar means of access to activity toys4.2.1 Barriers and handrails preventing a child from falling down (see A.5)
Any platform 1 000 mm or more from the ground shall be equipped with a barrier on all sides that faceoutwards from the toy.
Openings in the barriers to give access to slides, climbing structures and ladders are allowed.The minimum height of the barrier shall be 600 mm.
For barriers with an uneven top design, a ruler of (200 ±5) mm shall be used for measuring minimum height.Place the ruler horizontally on top of the barrier. Measure the vertical distance between the platform and thebottom of the ruler. The distance shall in no place be less than 600 mm.
NOTESpecial requirements apply to slides (see 4.5.2 and 4.5.3).
After testing according to 6.4 (dynamic strength of barriers and handrails), no part of the barrier or handrailshall collapse so that the toy does not comply with the relevant requirements of EN 71-1.
4.2.2 Ladders and similar means of access to activity toys (see A.6)
The requirements in 4.2.2 do not apply to activity toys with a platform height of 600 mm or less.Ladders and similar means of access to activity toys shall comply with the following requirements:a) any opening shall comply with 4.3.1(head and neck entrapment);
b) where a ladder or a stair is used, the lateral width of the tread or rung shall be 240 mm or more
(see Figure 3 a));
c)the distance between the upper surfaces of the treads or rungs shall not exceed 310 mm when measured
vertically as indicated in Figure 3 b).This requirement does not apply to the vertical distance between theground and the upper surface of the first step;
d) the surface of the tread shall not be slippery. This can be achieved by corrugation of the steps or by the
use of non slippery types of materials;
e) when ladders are provided with rungs, the cross-sectional dimension of the rungs shall be not less than16 mm and not more than 45 mm;
f)the depth of treads on closed step ladders shall be 120 mm or more;
g) the inclination for ladders that are fixed to a toy shall be between 55° and 90 to the horizontal;
h) ladders any part of which reaches a height of 1 200 mm or more from the ground shall be provided with
handrails from a height of not more than 600 mm from the ground to the top of the platform (see Figure 3a)).This requirement does not apply to ladders with rungs.