BS EN ISO 4180:2019 pdf download – Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — General rules for the compilation of performance test schedules
6 Test method
6.1 The laboratory atmosphere
The laboratory shall be in the standard atmospheric conditions specified in IEC 60068-1:2013, Table 2:
— temperature: 15 °C to 35 °C;
— relative humidity: 25 %RH to 75 %RH;
— air pressure: 86 kPa to 106 kPa.
NOTE IEC 60068-1 is referred in this situation due to the difference of environment between preconditioning and laboratory atmosphere.
6.2.1 Content of specimens
Each test specimen shall be filled with its intended content. However, simulated or substituted content can be used, provided that the dimensions and physical properties of such content are as close as possible to those of the intended content. The specimen shall be packaged (closed, sealed, bundled as such) under shipment conditions.
6.2.2 Number of specimens
The preparation of several specimens is recommended for high reliability of test result. The number of specimens may be decided by the standard user or by agreement of the stakeholders.
6.2.3 Degradation of specimen
Unless the performance of aged specimen materials is known, the effects of aged specimen on transportation should be considered.
6.2.4 Identification of specimen
The identification of specimens shall be in accordance with ISO 2206.
Conditioning shall be applied in accordance with Table 5, depending on the characteristics of the packaged product. For the compression test, Method B should be applied, except when a user specifies, a specially controlled environment to be applied (Method C).
6.4 Vibration test
Sinusoidal vibration test (see 6.4.3 and 6.4.5) shall be carried out only where the random vibration (see 6.4.2 and 6.4.4) test is not available.
NOTE The distance of transportation by boat and aircraft are not included in the distance of transportation of Tables 6, 7, 10, and 11 because the vibration level of those transportation modes is considered very low.
6.4.2 Vertical random vibration test in general transportation
18.104.22.168 Place the specimen on the vibration table which simulates the restraint method and loading method during transportation.
22.214.171.124 Carry out the test using the apparatus and the method for vertical random vibration test specified in ISO 13355 under the test conditions in 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52, and 184.108.40.206.
220.127.116.11 When the shipping orientation during transportation is known, carry out the test specified in Table 6. The specimen shall be placed by known shipping orientation. The test shall be carried out from PSD profile A and then from PSD profile B.
18.104.22.168 When the shipping orientation during transportation cannot be predicted, carry out the test along three axes specified in Table 7. The test shall be carried out from PSD profile A and then from PSD profile B.
22.214.171.124 The direction of vibration table motion shall be vertical. If needed, horizontal vibration can beperformed with the agreement of the stakeholders.BS EN ISO 4180 pdf download.