BS ISO 37158:2019 pdf download – Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation using battery- powered buses for passenger services
One of the goals of smart transportation is not to disturb current service performance and quality, but rather improve it further compared with conventional services. No changes should be made to current operating systems, including working schedules, dispatching and facilities related to internal-combustion-engine-driven bus operations, both during and after the introduction of smart transportation. Smart transportation aims to solve the issues of air pollution from GHGs and irritation to citizens from noise and vibration in cities and should also contribute to the further development of cities by satisfying the purposes designated in ISO 37101:2016 [2] .
5 Operation of smart transportation using battery-powered buses
5.1 General Smart transportation in the form of battery-powered bus operation solves specific city issues as mentioned in Clause 4 by retaining the same operation, services and facilities as those already in place for internal-combustion-engine-driven bus operation when some of the buses are replaced with battery-powered buses. When all internal-combustion-engine-driven buses in service are replaced, or when battery-powered buses are newly installed in an area where no bus operation has been in service, it is not necessary to follow the requirements given in 5.2.1 to 5.2.4, 5.2.7 and 5.2.8. Battery-powered buses shall, however, be operated according to the requirements specified in 5.2.5, 5.2.6 and 5.2.9.
5.2 Minimum requirements to organize smart transportation
5.2.1 Recharging Recharging work shall be completed within the same working schedules as those applied to current internal-combustion-engine-driven bus operation in the replacement with battery-powered buses. Allocate recharging work to refuelling work time or stand-by time for the next turn-back operation at a terminal. Electrical capacity shall be capable of supporting battery-powered bus recharging. Cities can implement renewable energy as one of the options for recharging (see Table B.2).
5.2.2 Scheduling/dispatching Operation scheduling and bus dispatching shall be organized to permit current internal-combustion- engine-driven bus operation even when it is partly or entirely replaced with battery-powered bus operation.
5.2.3 Maintenance work To the maximum extent practical, all maintenance work, such as cleaning, inspecting and overhauling bus vehicles, shall be completed in the same working schedules as for current maintenance work for internal-combustion-engine-driven buses, for replacement with battery-powered buses.
5.2.4 Passenger services All passenger services, including fare payment, in-/out-coming, coach accommodations and passenger capacity, shall be neither inconvenient nor poorer than those currently organized when replaced with battery-powered buses.
5.2.5 Safety and ride comfort Battery-powered buses shall provide safer and more comfortable rides than internal-combustion- engine-driven buses, especially when the bus suddenly accelerates or brakes. To measure the improvement, use appropriate metrics already published.
5.2.6 Weather and climate conditions Battery-powered buses shall be operated under the same weather and climate conditions in which internal-combustion-engine-driven buses are operated.
5.2.7 Driving conditions Battery-powered buses shall be operated under the same bus-driving conditions as those with internal- combustion-engine-driven buses.
5.2.8 Driving skills/performance No specific skills or experience shall be required to drive battery-powered buses, meaning few differences in driving performance. NOTE Emergency response procedures for battery-powered buses can differ from those of internal- combustion-engine-driven buses.
5.2.9 Energy saving
The operation schedule and running performance of battery-powered buses shall be optimized and controlled, respectively, in order to save battery energy consumption.
6 Maintenance of the quality of smart transportation using battery-powered buses
6.1 General
To maintain the intended performance of smart transportation, and to confirm its effectiveness, periodically observe the parameters in 6.2.
6.2 Parameters to be observed
The parameters for comparing smart transportation performance are shown below. Use appropriate units for observation:
— traffic flow from/to the target area;
— traffic share of battery-powered bus transportation systems in the target city/area;
— degree of air pollution, including GHG emission, noise and vibration;
— number of safety incidents involving onboard passengers.BS ISO 37158 pdf download.