BS ISO 37161:2020 pdf download – Smart community infrastructures — Guidance on smart transportation for energy saving in transportation services
6.1Introduction of smart transportation
6.1.1 General
Smart transportation for energy saving can be introduced in operations arranged by the same (e.g.rail to rail) and different (e.g.rail to bus) transportation modes and on interfaces between public andprivate transportation.
6.1.2Services in the same transportation mode
In the same transportation mode, smart transportation can be introduced in run-through operation,besides an operation by a single carrier or a rail track/road/airway owner or manager:
– run-through train operations [e.g.conventional rail and metro or light rail transit (LRT), electrified
and non-electrified sections];
run-through bus operations (e.g. different bus carriers, different licensed bus routes/territories);operation with good connection in time and place between different carriers (e.g. connectionbetween private and government-operated rail carriers and between different bus carriers);
– ticketing for travel to other carriers;
arrangements for shipping to other carriers;
long-distance and high-speed transportation (e.g. intercity high-speed trains,magneticlevitation trains);
strategic commuter services (e.g. direct connection of key stations downtown and in the suburbs);large network transportation systems (e.g. multiple inter-rail carrier through train operation tobring people from a broad area to specific locations).
6.1.3 Inter-modal services
Among different transportation modes,smart transportation can be introduced in inter-modal operations:
inter-modal operations or operation with good connection in time and place between/amongdifferent transportation modes (e.g. connection of rail and buses,train operations to send/receivepassengers, delivery of items and freight to/from bus and ferry services);
ticketing for travel by using inter-modal transport;
– ticketing for travel to destinations on other carriers’ lines or on run-through operation lines by
other carriers;
communication with other carriers regarding travel for the disabled, elderly and those with physicalimpairments;
arrangements for shipping to different-mode carriers (e.g.from rail to trucks and ferries);reshipment of delivery items and freight at junctions.
6.1.4 Services involving interface between public and private transportation
Smart transportation can be introduced to provide customers with easy changes between public andprivate transportation:
temporary stops for private vehicles;
assistance to the disabled, elderly and those with physical impairments with changes betweenpublic and private transportation;
parking lots for private vehicles including bicycles, motorbikes and automobiles;return delivery services for private vehicles including bicycles and motorbikes;
onboard transport services for private vehicles including bicycles, motorbikes and automobiles;private vehicle shipment;
safe access for customers walkingto/from transportation facilities (e.g. skywalks,pedways, sidewalks);
easy access for customers walking to/from transportation facilities (e.g. elevators,escalators,moving walkways, sidewalks with a roof or protectors);
convenient access for customers walking to/from transportation facilities including kiosks,convenience shops, travelitem shops,shoe and umbrella shops, first-aid stations,clinics, post offices,posts, stationary shops, internet access areas, fast-food shops, restaurants, public phones and ATMs.6.2Selection of energy-saving options
6.2.1 General
To save transportation energy, as mentioned in 4.2, the target section/line/area where smarttransportation for energy saving is introduced depends on the situation or goals of the city or cityzone. The geographical extent of smart transportation introduced will range from a single carrier orindependent service line/section to a local service area or a large transportation network. The extent ofthe planned energy saving will depend on how many energy-saving options are applied.
6.2.2 Energy-saving options
The following energy-saving options can be applied by considering, for example, target transportationmodes, technical/business contents and services.More options will be available when the technologiesare improved or developed and confirmed for practical usefulness.
optimizing transportation schedules (e.g.vehicle speed profile designing and modification for on-time and/or energy-saving operation);
NOTE A typical example of options is shown in Figure A.1 in Annex A, which is performed by optimizingrail service schedules.
arranging vehicle dispatch (e.g.rolling stock scheduling and allocation);-evaluating driver skill in driving vehicles (e.g.bus and truck operation).
6.2.3 Criteria and parameters to be considered in the selection of energy-saving options The following criteria should be taken into consideration when selecting appropriate energy-saving options. Normally, the larger the target section/line/area where smart transportation for energy saving is introduced, the higher the cost of introduction. The wider the energy saving planned or expected, the higher the cost of introduction and the more complicated the control of the smart transportation system. In contrast, the more extensive the introduction of smart transportation, the more effective the energy saving.