BS ISO 8373:2012 pdf download – Robots and robotic devices — Vocabulary
This International Standard defines terms used inrelation with robots and robotic devices operating inboth industrial and non-industrial environments.
2 General terms
machine in which the mechanism usually consistsof a series of segments, jointed or sliding relative toone another，for the purpose of grasping and/ormoving objects (pieces or tools) usually in severaldegrees of freedom (4.4)
NOTE 1Amanipulator can be controlled by anoperator (2.17), a programmable electronic controller， orany logic system (for example cam device, wired).
NOTE2manipulator does not include an endeffector (3.11).
ability to perform intended tasks based on currentstate and sensing, without human intervention
alteration of the mechanical system
NOTE The mechanical system does not include storagemedia,ROMs,etc.
designed so that the programmed motions orauxiliary functions can be changed without physicalalteration (2.3)
capable of being adapted to a different applicationwith physical alteration (2.3)
actuated mechanism programmable in two or moreaxes (4.3)with a degree of autonomy (2.2),moving within its environment,to perform intendedtasks
NOTE 1robot includes the control system (2.7) andinterface of the control system.
NOTE2 The classification of robot into industrialrobot (2.9) or service robot(2.10) is done according toits intended application.
set of logic control and power functions whichallows monitoring and control of the mechanical
structure of the robot (2.6) and communication withthe environment (equipment and users)
actuated mechanism fulfilling the characteristics ofan industrial robot(2.9) or a service robot (2.10),but lacking either the number of programmableaxes (4.3) or the degree of autonomy (2.2)
EXAMPLES Power assist device; teleoperated device;two-axis industrial manipulator (2.1)
automatically controlled,reprogrammable (2.4),multipurpose(2.5)manipulator(2.1)，programmable in three or more axes (4.3),whichcan be either fixed in place or mobile for use inindustrial automation applications
NOTE 1 The industrial robot includes:
-the manipulator, including actuators (3.1);
the controller,including teach pendant (5.8) andany communication interface(hardware ‘ andsoftware).
NOTE2 This includes any integrated additional axes.
robot (2.6) that performs useful tasks for humans orequipmentexcludingindustrialautomationapplications
NOTE1 lndustrial automation applications include，butare not limited to，manufacturing, inspection.packaging.and assembly.
NOTE 2while articulated robots(3.15.5) used inproduction lines are industrial robots (2.9).similararticulated robots used for serving food are servicerobots (2.10).
personal service robot
service robot for personal use
service robot (2.10) used for a non-commercialtask, usually by lay persons
EXAMPLESDomesticservant robot, automatedwheelchair，personal mobilityassist robot,and petexercising robot.
professional service robot
service robot for professional use
service robot (2.10) used for a commercial task,usually operated by a properly trained operator(2.17)
EXAMPLESCleaning robot for public places，deliveryrobotinofficesor hospitals, fire-fightingrobot,rehabilitation robot and surgery robot in hospitals.
robot (2.6) able to travel under its own control
NOTEA mobile robot can be a mobile platform (3.18)with or without manipulators (2.1).
system comprising robot(s)(2.6),end effector(s)(3.11) and any machinery,equipment，devices,orsensors supporting the robot performing its task
industrial robot system
system comprising industrial robot (2.9),endeffectors (3.11) and any machinery,equipment,devices, externalauxiliaryaxes” or “sensorssupporting the robot performing its task
science and practice of designing, manufacturing,and applying robots (2.6)